Exposé de LouAnn Gerken lors du colloquium du DEC.
Over half a century ago, Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961), described 6 types of category structures, ranging from single feature categories (e.g., all red things), which allow easy generalization to new category members, to arbitrary categories, which must be memorized. I will begin with an overview of their category types as well as older and newer experimental work that documents the ease with which adults and non-human animals are able to learn different types. I will then draw parallels between the Shepard et al. categories and the kinds of generalizations that infants must make to learn a language. Finally, I will attempt to show that infant generalization in several laboratory language learning experiments is consistent with adult and animal learning of the Shepard et al. category structures.
LouAnn Gerken est professeur en Sciences Cognitives, spécialiste de linguistique, directrice du laboratoire Tweety Language Development Lab, au département de Psychologie à l'University d'Arizona.Cliquer ICI pour fermer
Dernière mise à jour : 02/02/2017