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Comparing the difficulty of different types of linguistic generalizations
mardi 15 novembre 2016

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Descriptif

Exposé de LouAnn Gerken lors du colloquium du DEC.

Over half a century ago, Shepard, Hovland, and Jenkins (1961), described 6 types of category structures, ranging from single feature categories (e.g., all red things), which allow easy generalization to new category members, to arbitrary categories, which must be memorized. I will begin with an overview of their category types as well as older and newer experimental work that documents the ease with which adults and non-human animals are able to learn different types. I will then draw parallels between the Shepard et al. categories and the kinds of generalizations that infants must make to learn a language. Finally, I will attempt to show that infant generalization in several laboratory language learning experiments is consistent with adult and animal learning of the Shepard et al. category structures.

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Auteur(s)
LouAnn Gerken
University of Arizona
Professeur en Sciences Cogntives

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Cursus :

LouAnn Gerken est professeur en Sciences Cognitives, spécialiste de linguistique, directrice du laboratoire Tweety Language Development Lab, au département de Psychologie à l'University d'Arizona.

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Dernière mise à jour : 02/02/2017