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How family background affects children’s differences in school performance ?
mardi 14 novembre 2023

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« How family background affects children’s differences in school performance ? »

Children’s differences in school performance have pervasive long-term influence on their education, health, and wellbeing. Children’s differences in school performance are evident from the first day of primary school and are relatively stable throughout the years of compulsory education. The major source of children’s differences in school performance is family background, not schools. Understanding why and how family background inequalities produce differences in children’s education is key for designing effective interventions that improve children’s life outcomes.

In this talk, I will focus on the role of the gene-environment interplay in the transmission of family background inequality in education, which has often been ignored in previous research. Yet, children select, modify, and create their environments according to their genetic propensities, which in turn become drivers of children’s complex, reciprocal transactions and interactions with the environment that produce their educational differences.

Conférence de Sophie von Stumm (University of York, UK) dans le cadre du Colloquium du département d'Etudes Cognitives de l'ENS-PSL.

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Auteur(s)
Sophie Von Stumm
University of York
Professeur de psychologie

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Cursus :

Sophie von Stumm est professeur de psychologie de l'éducation à l'Université de York, où elle dirige le Hungry Mind Lab (www.hungrymindlab.com).

Les recherches de Sophie portent sur les causes et les conséquences des différences individuelles en matière d'apprentissage, et elle intègre des théories et des méthodes dans les disciplines de la psychologie, de l'éducation, de la sociologie, de l'épidémiologie et de la génomique.

Ses études portent sur la manière dont les antécédents familiaux, les premières expériences de vie et les possibilités d'éducation influencent le développement cognitif des enfants et leurs résultats scolaires.

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Dernière mise à jour : 11/01/2024