Accueil/ expose
The origin of prosociality : a comparative study of capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and humans
mardi 22 mai 2012

Loading the player ...

Exposé de Nicolas Claidière dans le cadre du Colloquium de l'IEC (Institut d'Etude de la Cognition) de l'ENS concernant une étude comparatif du comportement prosocial chez les chimpanzés et les êtres humains.

"Studies of prosocial behaviour in several non-human primates, as well as in young children, have come to prominence in recent years, raising the prospect of linked developmental and evolutionary analyses of the roots of prosociality. According to one line of thought, prosocial tendencies evolve together with cooperative breeding and should therefore be limited to humans (among apes) and to some cooperative breeding species of monkeys. This hypothesis was first supported by early studies, but has recently been challenged by new studies, demonstrating prosocial tendencies in non-cooperative breeders such as capuchin monkeys and chimpanzees. However, the reasons for discrepancies between studies remains unclear. It could be methodological (different protocols might be more or less likely to reveal prosocial tendencies), or it could be ecological (even within the same species), or different individuals might be more or less likely to be prosocial (females, subordinates, etc). I present the on-going results of a large comparative study of capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees, children (4 and 7 year-olds) and human adults that aims to reveal similarities and differences in prosocial behaviour."

Voir aussi

  • Aucun exposé du même auteur.
  • Base neurale de la mémoire spatiale : Po...
    Alain Berthoz
  • Interprétations spontanées, inférences p...
    Emmanuel Sander
  • Cognitive, developmental and cultural ba...
    Atsushi Senju
  • (Dis)organizational principles for neuro...
    Miguel Maravall Rodriguez
  • From speech to language in infancy
    Alejandrina Cristia
  • The Neural Marketplace
    Kenneth Harris
  • Why the Internet won't get you any more ...
    Robin Dunbar
  • Synergies in Language Acquisition
    Mark Johnson
  • The neuroeconomics of simple choice
    Antonio Rangel
  • Phonological Effects on the Acquisition ...
    Katherine Demuth
  • Inner speech in action : EMG data durin...
    Hélène Loevenbruck
  • Use of phonetic detail in word learning
    Paola Escudero
  • What is special about eye contact ?
    Laurence Conty
  • The inference theory of discourse refere...
    Amit Almor
  • Syntactic computations, the cartography ...
    Luigi Rizzi
  • Levels of communication and lexical sema...
    Peter Gärdenfors
  • Amygdalar mechanisms for innate, learne...
    Daniel Salzman
  • Explanation and Inference
    Igor Douven
  • Consciousness, Action, PAM !
    Thor Grunbaum
  • Principles of Neural Design
    Peter Sterling
  • Precursors to valuation
    Timothy Behrens
  • Is machine learning a good model of huma...
    Yann LeCun
  • Following and leading social gaze
    Andrew Bayliss
  • It’s the neuron: how the brain really wo...
    Charles Randy Gallistel
  • Biological Information: Genetic, epigene...
    Paul Griffiths
  • From necessity to sufficiency in memory ...
    Karim Benchenane
  • Comparing the difficulty of different ty...
    LouAnn Gerken
  • A big data approach towards functional b...
    Bertrand Thirion
  • Sign language and language emergence
    Marie Coppola
  • The collaborative making of an encyclope...
    Dario Taraborelli
  • The Evolution of Punishment
    Nichola Raihani
  • Metacontrol of reinforcement learning
    Sam Gershman
  • Homo Cyberneticus: Neurocognitive consid...
    Tamar Makin
  • Reverse Engineering Visual Intelligence
    Jim DiCarlo
  • What is listening effort?
    Ingrid Johnsrude
  • Genomic analysis of 1.5 million people r...
    Paige Harden
  • The Language of Life: exploring the orig...
    Catherine Hobaiter
  • Deliberate ignorance: The curious choic...
    Ralph Hertwig
  • The social brain in adolescence
    Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
  • Big data about small people: Studying ch...
    Michael Frank
  • Individual Differences in Lifespan Cogni...
    Stuart Richie
  • Why are humans still smarter than machin...
    James L. (Jay) McClelland
  • Contextual effects, image statistics, an...
    Odelia Schwartz
  • Problem solving in acellular slime mold...
    Audrey Dussutour
  • Redrawing the lines between language an...
    Neil Cohn
  • Choice and value : the biology of decisi...
    Alex Kacelnik
  • What happened to the 'mental' in 'menta...
    Joseph LeDoux
  • Rethinking sex and the brain: Beyond th...
    Daphna Joel
  • How robust are meta-analyses to publicat...
    Maya Mathur
Nicolas Claidière
Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive, School of Psychology - University of St Andrews
Chargé de recherches

Plus sur cet auteur
Voir la fiche de l'auteur

Cursus :

Nicolas Claidière est un ancien élève de l’Ecole normale supérieure de Paris où il a suivi un magistère de biologie. Il s'est spécialisé en Écologie et Évolution et plus précisément dans l’étude de l’évolution des comportements sociaux.

Il a obtenu l’agrégation de Science de la vie, de la Terre et de l’Univers en 2004. De 2005 à 2009, il a réalisé une thèse de doctorat, sous la direction de Dan Sperber à l’Institut Jean Nicod à Paris. En juillet 2009 il obtient la mention Très Honorable pour sa thèse intitulée “Théories darwiniennes de l’évolution culturelle : modèles et mécanismes".  En 2010, grâce à un financement de la Fondation Fyssen et de la Fondation Templeton, il part travailler en 2010 au département de psychologie de l’universite de St Andrews (Ecosse).

Cliquer ICI pour fermer
Téléchargements :
   - Télécharger l'audio (mp3)

Dernière mise à jour : 03/07/2013